About Nepal

Overview

Nepal, known as the Land of Everest and Land of Himalayas is a mountainous and land locked country. It is a combination of scenic splendor, unique natural heritage, distinct culture and tradition. It is the homeland of the world famous Gurkhas, whose story has been well documented as well as being legendary. Over the years the Nepalese have gained enormous experiences around the world, many countries prefer to hire them not only because of their comparative cost effectiveness but because they are renewed for their hard work dedication, sense of responsibility, loyalty and discipline. They are used to work under extreme climatic condition and therefore they can adapt any environment conditions physically and psychologically. The formalities and procedures are relatively simple in employing them, hence the perfect choice all round.

Location

Nepal is a beautiful kingdom of Himalayas situated between China in the north and India in the south. It is rich in natural resources, exotic wildlife, and diverse cultures and wealthy in terms of variety of ecosystems. The kingdom of Nepal covers an area of 1,47,181 sq. kms and stretches 145-241 kilometers north to south and 850 kilometers west to east. Its latitude is 27° 42’ North and longitude is 85° 12’ East. Kathmandu is capital city of Nepal.

Area and Geographical settings

Nepal covers 0.03% land of the world and 0.3% land of the Asian continent. Its area is 1,47,181 square kilometers. Its shapeNepal covers 0.03% land of the world and 0.3% land of the Asian continent. Its area is 1,47,181 square kilometers. Its shape is perpendicular with the east-west length of 850 kilometers, and its north south width is nearly 145-241 kilometers. The northern belt of Nepal lies the Mountain or Himalayas regions, the hilly region with fertile valleys in the middle of the narrow stripe of plain and Terai in the south.
The country can be divided in three geographical regions:

A. Mountain region (Snow land): The attitude of this region is between 4877m to 8848m, it covers around 15% land of the total area of Nepal. It includes 8 of the highest peaks in the world.

B. Hill region (High land): It is situated south of the Mountain region and covers around 68% of the land area of Nepal.

C. Terai region (low land/plain): It occupies around 17.1% of the total land area of Nepal. Nepal has a unique Topography from the world’s deepest gorge “Kali- Gandaki” to the highest point on Earth the Mount Everest. It has the highest lake in the world- Tilicho at about 5000m.


The People and the Culture

Nepal has population of about 26 million people with more than 40 di?erent tribal and ethical groups. These ethical group varied as its land with their own languages and cultures. Nepal Cultural Groups can be classified on the basis of geographical locations by the altitude:

Alpine Based Cultural Groups High Himalayas

• Sherpas, Dolpa people, Gorkhas, Manang bas, Lopas of Mustang
• Sherpas, Dolpa people, Gorkhas, Manang bas, Lopas of Mustang

Temperate Zone Based Cultural Groups Middle Hills and Valleys

• Brahmin and Chhetris, Kirati- Rai and Limbu, Newars, Tamangs, Magars, Gurungs, Thakalis and Occupational Castes- Kamis (smiths), Damais (tailors), Dhibis (washerman), Sarkis (cobblers), Gaines (professional singers) and Khumbaras (porters)

 Subtropical Based Cultural Groups

Ethnic Groups of Terai Region and Southern Nepal BorderEthnic Groups of Terai Region and Southern Nepal Border
• Brahman and Rajputs, Tharus, Rajbansis, Satars, Musalman

In the Kathmandu valley are the Newars, whose culture and artistry have earned them as international reputation. The Sherpa of the Himalayan are known as tough of mountain climbers, Brahmins and Chhetris are scattered over the hills and the valleys. The Magar, Rai, Gurung and Limbus of the mid hills have earned famed as Gurkhas soldiers. Low land ethnic groups such as the Maithali, Bhojpuri and the Tharu enhance the colorful mosaic. 

Travel Route

By Air or Flight is the easiest and the fastest way of travel route to Nepal. Major International airlines that operate in Nepal are Air Arabia, Air Canada, American
Airlines, Asiana Airlines, Biman Bangladesh Airlines, British Airways, China Air, Condor Airlines, Cathay Pacific Airways, Dragon Air, East West Airlines, Eva Airways, Emirates, Etihad Airways, GMG Airlines, Gulf Air, Indian Airlines, Jet Airways, Japan Airlines, Alitalia, Korean Air, Kuwait Airways, Lufthansa German Airlines, Martin Air, Northwest Airlines, Pakistan International Airlines (PIA), Philippine Airlines, Qantas airways, Qatar Airways, Royal Dutch Airways, Royal Brunei Airlines, Royal Bhutan Airlines (Druk Air), Saudi Arabian Airlines, Singapore Airlines, Swiss Air, Thai Airways International, Transavia Airlines and Uzbekistan Airways.

Major domestic airlines in Nepal are Agni Air, Buddha Air, Gorkha Airlines, Sita Air, Yeti Airlines, and Nepal Airlines Co-operation. Kathmandu is connected by directs flights to Amsterdam, London, Paris, Frankfurt, Moscow, Vienna, Abu Dhabi, Doha, Dubai, Mumbai, Patna, Varanasi, Dhaka, Lhasa, Bangkok, Singapore, Hong Kong and Osaka etc.

Currency Unit

Nepali rupee (NR) is the basic monetary unit of Nepal. It consists of 100 paisa. Bands votes come in denominations of 1000, 500, 100, 50, 25, 20, 5, 2 and 1 rupee. Exchange rates is approximately US $ 1=NR 88.00 (As per the date of 12th August 2012).

Business Hours
Nepal time is 5 hours 45 minutes from GMT and 15 minutes ahead of Indian Standard Time. The normal work week is six days and half hours for Friday. Working hour of Nepal Government O?ce is from 9 am to 5 pm except on Saturday and other Government holidays.

Foreign Trade Policy
In the contest of increasing speed and intensity of global integration and liberalization, Nepal has purposed an open and liberal tradepolicy.